During a routine eye examination, patients may be diagnosed with a variety of conditions that impact the vision. One common vision development disorder that can be spotted during an examination is that of Amblyopia, or “lazy eye.”
What is amblyopia?
Amblyopia is a condition that is diagnosed when one eye does not achieve what is considered “normal” for visual acuity. While it typically is caught and diagnosed during early childhood, it can be a problem for an adult if it has not been addressed sooner. It can occur in one or both eyes and can impact one’s vision, even with wearing prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses for vision correction.
What are the symptoms of amblyopia?
- An eye that wanders inward or outward
- Poor depth perception
- Head tilting
- A drifting eye
- Blurring in one eye or both
- Abnormal vision screening results
What types of amblyopia may be diagnosed?
The three common types of amblyopia that can be diagnosed during a vision screening including:
- Strabismic amblyopia – can result in double vision due to poorly aligned eyes and ignored visual input from the eye diagnosed
- Refractive amblyopia – despite perfect alignment of the eye, a patient may be diagnosed with refractive amblyopia. This is when refractive errors occur in both eyes, it can be diagnosed as a type of amblyopia that requires medical attention to correct.
- Deprivation amblyopia – congenital cataracts can occur in infants and result in an obstruction in the light that enters the eye. Treatment can allow normal vision development to occur once diagnosed during early infancy.
What treatment options are available for patients diagnosed with amblyopia?
The type of amblyopia diagnosed with determines the best treatment option for a patient. It may include:
- Corrective lenses
- Eye patching
- Prosthetic contact lenses
- Atropine eye drops
Discuss amblyopia and other concerns with a dedicated eye doctor
Dr. David Aizuss is a doctor with a practice in the areas of Encino and West Hills, California. If you have a concern for yourself or another member of your household, it is critical that you schedule an eye examination with a medical provider to obtain a proper diagnosis and discuss treatment options. Call our practice today!